E-ISSN: 2548-0294
Volume: 3  Issue: 1 - 2018
1.Indicators Of The Difference And Trend Of Changes In The Pupil’s Body Composition, Depending On Gender
Ratko Pavlovic, Wilson Mariz De Oliveira
doi: 10.22326/ijass.33  Pages 237 - 248
Anthropometric characteristics (height and weight) are used in the assessment of the morphological status
of an individual, and on the basis of the results of BMI bring certain estimates and conclusions. BMI, as
a statistical measure, is used in many public health campaigns as an approximate measure of the ideal
body mass and the degree of nutrition of a population. The research covered the students of high school in
Pale, East Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina). The sample consists of a total of 115 respondents, 55 male
(average height 183,07±9,01cm, body weight 68,77±10.11kg, BMI 20,72±2.54g/m²) and 60 female (average
height 168,70±7,29; average body weight 56,03±8,66Kg; BMI 19,82±3,03kg/m²) who regularly attended
physical education in secondary vocational school, aged 16±0.5 years. The main goal of the research was
to determine and analyze differences in BMI parameters between male and female students, aged 16±0.5
years, and determine the trend of changes. Using the T-test module, the obtained results confirmed that there
are statistically significant differences in body height (t=10,47; p<0.001) and body weight (t=7,72; p<0.001),
while in BMI values there are not statistically significant differences (t = -0.47, p>0.001).

2.The Effect Of Imagery Level To The Perceptions Of Achievement In Adolescents Participating Sportive Recreation Activities
Leman Elmas, Sefa Þahan Birol
doi: 10.22326/ijass.28  Pages 249 - 259
This study’s is was to examine the effect on achievement perception of teenagers’ who attend to sportive
recreation activities, imagery levels. The content of research is comprised in totally 798 people, of these 406
are boys and 392 are girls, between 11-15 age group participating to sportive recreation activities included by
Konya Provincial Directorate of Youth and Sports, Provincial Sports Schools in 2017 summer season, and the
sample is 506 people of these 254 are boys and 252 are girls chosen by accidental way from content group. In
the research, in addition to personal information form prepared by researcher, as a data collection tool was
used ‘The Children Version of the Perception of Success Questionnaire’ developed by Roberts, Treasure and
Balague,(1998) and adapted to Turkish by Çetinkalp (2006) and ‘Imagining Questionnaires for Children’
developed by Hall and his friends (1999) and adapted to Turkish by Kafkas (2011) to specify participaters’
levels of success perception.During the solution and comment of the datas, MANOVA and ANOVA analysis are applied and also Canonical Correlation Analys is applied to determine the relation between two variable set.
As a result, unlike there was no sensible difference between sub-dimension of imagining and sub-dimension
of achievement perception, there was a sensible effect of imaginig on achievement perception. It can be said
the teenagers experienced effect of imagination on achievement perception with attending sportive recreation
activities, can achieve active results using this achievement not only as a recreation activity for future lives
also in terms of every section of their occupation

3.The Effects Of Maximal Strength Training On Some Hematological And Biochemical Parameters In Elite Wrestlers
Serhat Özbay
doi: 10.22326/ijass.29  Pages 267 - 273
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of maximal strength training which has a significant
place in elite athletes on some hematological and biochemical parameters (creatine, eGFR calcium, phosphor,
uric acid, erythrocyte, hemoglobin, hematocrit and thrombocyte). Material and Method: 16 elite wrestlers
at national team level with an average age of 20 who were staying at a camp and who had the same dietary
conditions participated in the study. Strength trainings were made three days a week (Monday-WednesdayFriday)
before noon. The study lasted for 8 weeks. The athletes performed the moves with an intensity of
75% and 8 repetitions in the first set, 80% intensity and 6 repetitions in the second set, 85% intensity and
4 repetitions in the third set, 90% intensity and 3 repetitions in the fourth set, and 95-100% intensity and 2
repetitions in the fifth set. Specified blood parameters were taken starting from the first maximal strength
training and they were taken only before training in the last trainings of weeks 4 and 8. Specified parameters
were measured through complete blood count method. Complete blood count was performed with Xn-1000,
Sysmex, Japan. Descriptive statistics of all variables were presented as average± standard deviation (Ave±SD).
In order to find out the effect of strength training on biochemical parameters, one-way repeated-measures
ANOVA was applied on values obtained in 3 different test points (Starting, week 4, week 8). Sphericity
hypothesis of repeated measures was validated by Mauchly Test. In cases where hypothesis was not validated,
Greenhouse- Geisser correction was applied on degree of freedom in case of Epsilon (ε) <0.75, while HuynhFeldt
was applied in case of Epsilon (ε) >0.75. Multiple corrections were performed by applying Bonferroni
correction. For the whole procedure, significance level was determined as p≤0.05 initially and SPSS 20.0
computer program was used for statistical analysis. Results: According to the results of the study, creatine
values were found to differ significantly depending on the period of training ( p=0,001). In addition, eGFR
values were found to differ significantly depending on the period of training ( p=0,001). When phosphor
values were analyzed, they were found to differ significantly depending on the period of training ( p=0,005).
No significant difference was found in all of the calcium, uric acid, erythrocyte, hemoglobin, hematocrit,
thrombocyte values depending on the period of training (p > 0.05). As a conclusion, while changes in studies
conducted can be seen depending on age, gender, type of training, states of diet and rest, this study showed
that maximal strength training causes some physiological changes in elite athletes.

4.The Comparison Of Imagery Levels According To Sport Age in Female Basketball Players
Bade Yamak, Mehmet Çebi&775;, Murat Eli&775;öz, Hamza Küçük, Levent Ceylan
doi: 10.22326/ijass.27  Pages 274 - 280
The aim of this study is to compare female athletes’ forms levels of imagery according to sport age. In total
52 female basketballers, 1-8 years 13, 9-13 years 25, 14 and over 14, have participated in the study. In
the study Sport Imagery Questionnaire developed by Hall and his companions (1988) was used as the data
collection tool. The validity of the scale for Turkish was conducted by Vurgun and his companions (2012). In
Motivational special imagery sub-dimension 1-8 year over 14-year athletes are found to be higher than 9-13
year athletes. In Cognitive general imagery, motivational general alertness, motivational general master ship
sub-dimensions athletes who are and above 14 years are found to be higher than 9-13 year athletes. According
to the obtained results, it has been detected that athletes who are 14 year and over use imagery forms more.
Doing physical exercise for years can be regarded to have an impact on this result. In accordance with this
study it is suggested that athletes who begin sport must be made to perform imagery studies.

5.The Relationship Between Preservice Physical Education Teachers’ Academic Self-Efficacy And Proactive Personality
Ezel Nur Korur
doi: 10.22326/ijass.35  Pages 281 - 293
Teachers today can influence their environment and events through their behavior, therefore, each teacher’s
teaching style has an impact on students’ academic achievement. The effective design of learning environments
and systematic guidance of students depend on teachers’ efficacy and personality traits. The aim of this study
is to determine the relationship between preservice physical education teachers’ self-efficacy and proactive
personality traits. Study group consists of 386 physical education students (122 women and 264 men) of
four universities in the spring semester of 2015/2016. Data were collected using a Personal Information
Form developed by the researcher, an Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (ASES) and a short version of the
Proactive Personality Scale (SPPS). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical methods, t-test, OneWay
ANOVA and Tukey multiple comparison test. Participants reported moderate levels of self-efficacy and
low levels of proactive personality. Male participants had significantly lower social status scale scores than
female participants. An interesting result was that self-efficacy decreased with age. Fourth-grade students’
academic self-efficacy and sub-scale scores were statistically lower than those of first-, second- and thirdgrade
students. Sports engagement were found to have no effect on participants’ academic self-efficacy and
proactive personality. Another interesting result was that participants’ academic self-efficacy decreased along
with an increase in grade point average (GPA) scores. Participants’ proactive personality scores decreased
with an increase in their academic self-efficacy scores. Future studies are warranted to assess the correlation
of academic self-efficacy and proactive personality with different variables.

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