|1.||Sport and Aggression; A Review of Field Studies|
Veysel Temel, Kazım Nas
doi: 10.5505/jiasscience.2022.92400 Pages 41 - 59
Aggression is a condition that includes the attitude and behavior of intentionally harming another living thing physically or emotionally (Ballard et al. 2004). According to emotional definitions, aggression is a behavior caused by anger. According to motivational definitions, intention determines whether a behavior is offensive or not. According to behavioral definitions, the underlying intention of the behavior is not important; Any behavior that causes physical or psychological harm to another is aggression (Erkuş, 1994). But, to a certain extent, aggression is the source and impetus for the behaviors necessary to sustain life (Köknel, 1996). For this reason, the present study was conducted to reveal whether the subject of aggression and sports is important for athletes, trainers and spectators, and whether they affect the performance of athletes in a positive way. Since the aim of the study was to evaluate the researches on a specific subject, the compilation method was used. During the research, a wide field survey was made, the relationship between sports and aggression was examined, and the studies conducted in Turkey and abroad in recent years were reviewed. In the research, it was stated how important the issue of aggression in sports is. Lenzi et al. (1997) suggested in their study that there is a positive relationship between aggression and sports, and hypothesized that sports activities serve as a means of controlling women's aggression and help men's individual psychosocial development. In addition, it is understood that individuals who do sports are more controlled during anger and aggression, and they emerge from the bad situations encountered during the competition with the least damage.
|2.||The Examination of the Commitment to Sports and Athlete Sleep Bahaviour of E-sports Players|
Kaan Karakuş, Burkay Cevahircioglu, Necdet Apaydın
doi: 10.5505/jiasscience.2022.25744 Pages 50 - 64
The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between amateur and professional esports players commitment to sports and athlete sleep behaviors in terms of some variables.The sample group of the study was chosen by random sampling and consists of 31 female (20.3%) and 122 male (79.7%) athletes, aged 18 and over, in totals 153 athletes.In the study, Sport Engagement Scale was used to determine the sports commitment levels of athletes, Athlete Sleep Behavior Scale to determine sleep behaviors, and a personal information form developed by the researcher to determine the demographic information of the athletes were used as a data collection tool. The skewness and kurtosis values of the data were examined and it was assumed that the data showed a normal distribution. Therefore, parametric tests were applied to the data. In the study, all statistical evaluations were made with the SPSS 21.0 program and the significance was taken as p<0.05. As a result of the research, statistical significance was determined between the scores of commitment to sports and the variables of gender, sport type, athlete license category and age. Statistically significant difference in athlete sleep behavior scores is seen according to athlete undergraduate category, education status and monthly income level variables. When the results of the correlation analysis between the scales were examined, a positive and moderately significant relationship was found between sports-relatedness factor scores and sub-dimension scores of commitment to sports. Consequently, it is thought that there will be negatives in their sleep patterns, as the levels of commitment to sports of esports players increases.
|3.||The Relationship Between Fears of Covid-19 and Quality of Life in Physical Education and Sports School Students: A Case of Ordu Province|
Kaan Karakuş, Necdet Apaydın, Burkay Cevahircioğlu
doi: 10.5505/jiasscience.2022.85057 Pages 65 - 73
This study investigated the relationship between fear of COVID-19 and quality of life in physical education and sports school students. The sample consisted of 232 students (137 men and 95 women) above 18 years of age. Participants were recruited using random sampling. Data were collected using a seven-item demographic characteristics questionnaire, the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S), and the COV19 Impact on Quality of Life (COV19-QoL). Normality was assessed using Skewness Kurtosis values. The results showed that the data were normally distributed. Therefore, the data were analyzed using parametric tests. The data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) at a significance level of 0.05. The results showed that female participants had significantly higher FCV-19S scores than male participants. However, age, major, COVID-19 experience (having tested positive for COVID-19 before), chronic diseases, adequate knowledge of COVID-19, and regular physical activity engagement did not affect participants FCV-19S and COV19-QoL scores. Lastly, there was a moderate positive correlation between FCV-19S and COV19-QoL scores, indicating that participants with a greater fear of COVID-19 had a lower quality of life. We should teach students more about COVID-19 to ensure that they feel less mental pressure and have a higher quality of life.