|1.||Investigation of Exercise Addiction Levels of Football Players in Different Leagues|
doi: 10.5505/jiasscience.2022.00719 Pages 1 - 13
Purpose: The aim of this study is to examine the exercise addiction levels of football players in different leagues in terms of various variables.
Material and Method: A total of 111 football players, including 36 professional league, 33 regional amateur league and 42 local amateur league football players, participated in the study voluntarily in the province of Elazig. The Exercise Addiction Scale (EBS) consisting of 17 items and 3 sub-dimensions developed by Demir, Hazar and Cicicoğlu (2018) was applied to the participants. Participants' exercise addiction levels were examined in terms of age, sports age, league and number of weekly exercises. The One Way Anova test was used in the statistical analysis of the data and the Tukey test was used to determine the differences between the groups. The level of significance in the study was determined as p<0.05.
Results: The exercise addiction levels of football players in different leagues were examined in terms of age, sports age, league and number of weekly exercise variables, while there were no significant differences in age and sports age variables, the exercise addiction levels of local amateur football players in the league variable were significantly lower than regional amateur and professional football players detected. According to the variable of the number of exercises per week, it was determined that those who exercise 1-2 times a week have a significantly lower exercise addiction than those who exercise 3-4 times, and those who exercise 3-4 times compared to those who exercise 5-6 times.
Conclusion: As a result of the research, it was determined that professional and regional amateur league football players had higher exercise addiction levels than local amateur league football players.
|2.||The influence of sports gymnastics on the motor skills of female students|
Raid Mekic, Bojan Bjelica, Nikola Aksovic, Benin Muric, Izet Kahrovic, Oussama Gaeid Chortane, Milan Zelenovic
doi: 10.5505/jiasscience.2022.93585 Pages 14 - 25
Introduction and Aim: The wealth of movements and positions in sports gymnastics allows the person who exercises them to create a huge fund of motor knowledge. The aim of the research is to determine the impact of the sports gymnastics program on the motor skills of female students.
Materials and Methods: The research was conducted on a sample of 15 regular female students aged 20-22 years ± 6 months. The experimental program of sports gymnastics was conducted for the duration of 15 x 2 hours during the week. A sample of specific motor tests for sports gymnastics: push-ups, pull-ups, sweeps, long jump, trunk lifting, leg lifting, lunge, squat.
Result: Based on the applied T test for paired samples, a statistically significant difference was found in all tested variables.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that the sports gymnastics program significantly raised the level of motor skills among female students.
|3.||Sociological Relation of Sport and Gender Concepts|
Efecan Tezcan, İdris Yılmaz
doi: 10.5505/jiasscience.2022.75047 Pages 26 - 31
Aim: In this study, it was aimed to investigate the information obtained from the literature about the sociological relationship of sports with gender, how sports went through processes in societies in the historical process, what kind of position it is in between social class and status.
Method: The research was conducted using qualitative research methods. It is a compilation study to explain the concepts of social class, status and stratification in history, depending on the sociological relationship of the concepts of sport and gender.
Results: In the historical process of sports, it can be thought that social class differences, status assigned to individuals in society and sociological stratification concepts may be related to gender. It can be seen that sports have a more patriarchal structure from ancient times to the dates of the renaissance and reforms.
Conclusion: As a result, the concepts of gender and sport can be thought to be related to certain historical events in societies. In ancient times, sports could be done for war in societies, but as time progressed, some sports branches started to appeal only to the bourgeoisie, so sports in which money was at the forefront emerged. In some studies, there is an opinion that women are in a relatively handicapped state compared to men, therefore, more men can do sports and be successful. Women exist mostly to realize the social role and status assigned to them. Today, scientists argue that since women and men are considered equal in sports, as in every platform, individuals should have equal rights regardless of gender.