|1.||Gender Differences In Development Of Explosive Power And Rapidity In Schoolchildren Aged 14-15 Years Old|
Marko Joksimovic, Zsolt Németh, Iryna Skrypchenko, Milomir Trivun, Marko Pantovic
doi: 10.5505/jiasscience.2018.08208 Pages 294 - 304
The primary task of physical education is the harmonious development of all anthropological parameters and characteristics of children. Knowing the motor skills of pupils, male and female, is directly related to the effects of physical education classes and the development of individual motor skills. The aim of this research was to determine the differences in the quantitative motor skills between boys and girls. The sample includes a population of 42 primary school students from primary school Serbia in East Sarajevo, aged 14 ± 0.5 years divided into two sub-categories. The variable long-jump variation (MDSM-cm) has been used to estimate the explosive power, while the variable 30 meters sprint (MT30V-sec) has been used to estimate the acceleration. By analyzing the T-test, statistically significant differences between boys and girls have been found.
|2.||Mental Toughness On Athletes: The Interaction Of The Sports Type, Gender And Age|
Kazım Nas, Veysel Temel
doi: 10.5505/jiasscience.2018.25733 Pages 305 - 311
The aim of the study was to examine the effect of the physical education and sports high school students mental toughness to the gender, age and sports type. 95 females and 132 males, totally 227 students (Mage=21.58± 1.98) students studying at Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University Physical Education and Sports High School during the 2017-2018 academic year voluntarly participated in this study. In order to determine the students mental toughness to the gender, age and sports type, Sport Mental Toughness Questionnaire developed by Sheard et al. (2009) was used and the SPSS 25.0 program was used for the statistical analysis of the data. Kurtosis and Skewmess values were observed in order to test whether the subscales of both scales showed normal distribution and at the end of which all subscales of mental toughness scale showed normal distribution. According to this, Manova and ANOVA analysis to determine the main was performed. As a result; it has been identified that students are mentally powerful and tough for mental toughness. Mental toughness levels have no interaction among doing sports, age and gender.
|3.||Sports Lodges In The Ottoman Empire|
Ayhan Dever, Burkay Cevahircioğlu, Ezel Nur Korur, Burak Büyükgüllü
doi: 10.5505/jiasscience.2018.99608 Pages 312 - 318
The aim of this study is to provide information about sports lodges (tekkes) which provided food, shelter, training and protection to athletes within the borders of the Ottoman Empire. Sports lodges were facilities that fulfilled similar functions as do todays sports clubs. They played an important role in training not only famous athletes of the time (especially wrestlers and archers) but also soldiers for the army. To this end, numerous sports lodges were opened within the borders of the Ottoman Empire. Some of the most important ones were in Bursa, İstanbul, Edirne and Manisa. Especially the wrestling and archery lodges opened in Istanbul were recorded in Ottoman registers.